Prohibited Discriminatory Practices

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It is illegal to discriminate in any aspect of employment, including:

  • Hiring and firing;
  • Compensation, assignment or classification of employees;
  • Transfer, promotion, layoff or recall;
  • Job advertisements;
  • Recruitment;
  • Testing;
  • Use of company facilities;
  • Training and apprenticeship programs;
  • Fringe benefits;
  • Pay, retirement plans and disability leave; and
  • Other terms and conditions of employment.

The laws not only prohibit intentional discrimination, but also practices that have the effect of discriminating against individuals because of their race, color, national origin, religion or sex. This is sometimes referred to as “disparate impact.”

Discriminatory practices also include:

  1. Harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age or disability (e.g., sexual harassment is a form of discrimination on the basis of sex);
  2. Retaliation against an individual for filing a charge of discrimination, participating in an investigation or opposing discriminatory practices;
  3. Employment decisions that are based on stereotypes or assumptions about the abilities, traits, or performance of individuals of a certain sex, race, age, religion, or ethnic group or individuals with disabilities; and
  4. Denying employment opportunities to a person because of marriage to, or association with, an individual of a particular race, religion, national origin or an individual with a disability.